Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) is a combination of symptoms including pain, tenderness, and swelling in the limbs, and it is often accompanied with profuse sweating and skin warmth/coolness, flushing, and discoloration. Also known as Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy is not a well-known condition of the sympathetic nervous system. The pain caused by RSD can become chronic and may be a prolonged feeling that is very uncomfortable depending on the severity of nerve damage caused from the injury. The pain from RSD has been described as a burning or stabbing pain in the affected limbs that may spread the entire leg or arm. Other symptoms of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy include shiny or thin-looking skin with increased sensitivity to the area, abnormal sweating patterns, increased nail and hair growth patterns, stiff joints, and coordination issues.
Although research and in depth data about Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy are not readily available based on the amount of data, RSD is generally observed in patients who are around 40 years old, but not the elderly, and there have been cases in which teenagers have been diagnosed with RSD. Fortunately, children under five years old do not get RSD, and it is extremely rare in children between 5-10 years old.